Present Simple

Страница для печатиСтраница для печати
Урок: 
1
Часть: 
2
Тип урока: 
Теория

 

Simple Present Tense

 

sing

 

How do we make the Simple Present Tense?

 

subject + auxiliary verb + main verb
do base

 

There are three important exceptions:

  1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
  2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
  3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

Look at these examples with the main verb like:

 

subject auxiliary verb main verb
+ I, you, we, they like coffee.
He, she, it likes coffee.
- I, you, we, they do not like coffee.
He, she, it does not like coffee.
? Do I, you, we, they like coffee?
Does he, she, it like coffee?

 

Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:

 

subject main verb
+ I am French.
You, we, they are French.
He, she, it is French.
- I am not old.
You, we, they are not old.
He, she, it is not old.
? Am I late?
Are you, we, they late?
Is he, she, it late?

 

How do we use the Simple Present Tense?

We use the simple present tense when:

  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">the action is general
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">the action is not only happening now
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">the statement is always true

 

John drives a taxi.
past present future
It is John's job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.

 

Look at these examples:

  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">I live in New York.
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">The Moon goes round the Earth.
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">John drives a taxi.
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">He does not drive a bus.
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">We do not work at night.
  • http://software.is.pl.ua/drupal/themes/garland/images/menu-leaf.gif); background-attachment: initial; background-origin: initial; background-clip: initial; background-color: transparent; font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-position: 1px 0.35em; background-repeat: no-repeat no-repeat;">Do you play football?

Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for situations that are not general. We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb "to be" in the simple present tense - some of them are general, some of them arenow:

 

Am I right?
Tara is not at home.
You are happy.
past present future
The situation is now.
I am not fat.
Why are you so beautiful?
Ram is tall.
past present future
The situation is general. Past, present and future.
WSM Image

This page shows the use of the simple present tense to talk about general events. But note that there are some other uses for the simple present tense, for example in conditional or ifsentences, or to talk about the future. You will learn about those later.

 

 

 

 

 

 

------

http://www.englishclub.com

Записаться на курсы английского языка SkyEng

Оставить комментарий

 
Подписаться на школьный портал